Below, I identify some common hoof problems in which I have had success correcting.  

What is Laminitis or Founder?

Laminitis/Founder is the inflammation of the sensitive laminae in the hoof of a horse, caused by stressful events, such as trauma, infection, or parturition.

Identifying possible causes of Founder...

  • Digestive upsets due to grain overload or sudden changes in diet
  • Carving out live sole on a horse; improper trimming techniques
  • Sudden access to lush pasture (spring grass)
  • High fever
  • Colic (horses with damaged intestines)
  • Excessive concussion to the feet when walking on pavement, often known as "road founder"
  • Excessive weight bearing on one leg due to injury of opposite leg
  • Obesity

Treatment...
Based on past, rapid and successful treatments, I found four critical key factors in beating founder/laminitis cases horses.

  • Pull off shoes, if there are any
  • Get the horse's trace minerals balanced
  • Make sure turnout/footing conditions and exercise are right
  • Timely trimming intervals and proper trimming

If we can meet all of these criteria, your horse will recover quickly.

How to identify "Long Toes/Long Heels" and corrective shoeing/trimmi shoeing protocol?

Long toes and long heels increase the inflammation of the navicular bone and forefoot of the horse, resulting in a shortened stride and persistent lameness. This common problem causes the horse to bear too much weight on the heels, which in turn causes more problems in the long run, like bruising, abscesses and lots of heel pain. It also puts more strain on the tendons and ligaments on the back of the leg. This is one of the most lengthy processes to overcome. In order to combat this problem, I MUST have your horse on a strict plan. 

What is Medial Lateral Imbalance? 

 "Medial"refers to "the middle" and "Lateral" refers to "the sides". Medial Lateral balance of the foot compares the length of the hoof walls on the medial (inside) to the lateral sides. Imbalances, create pressure within the hoof and most often result in brusing and arthritis. 

What is Thrush and how do you treat it?

"Thrush" is a very common bacterial infection that develops beneath the horse's hoof, specifically in the region of the frog. The bacterium occurs naturally in the animal's environment - especially in wet, muddy or unsanitary conditions, such as an unclean st all. Horses with deep clefts or have narrow or contracted heels are more high-risk to develop thrush.

Treatment & Prevention...
Treatment for thrush includes regularly picking out your horses feet and taking special care to clean the infected area with a disinfectant and warm water. The frog should then be coated with a thrush-prevention product, or iodine solution, which may be soaked into cotton balls and packed into the clefts. Horses with thrush are best kept in a dry, clean environment. "White Line Disease"is a growing problem in the equine industry. White Line Disease is the deterioration of the laminae or "white line". The laminae or white line refers to the tissues that connect the hoof wall to the sole. 

  • Unpleasant odor
  • Infected areas will be black in color and will easily crumble
  • In more severe cases, blood may be seen when horse's feet are picked
  • A big cavity between the hoof wall and sole
  • A "dish" formation along one side of the hoof
  • Slow hoof wall growth
  • On surface of foot, the white line becomes progressively wider and softer, and has a chalky texture
  • Excessive moisture
  • Unbalanced feet, improper  trimming
  • An acute hoof angle (ex. long toes/long heels)
  • Contracted tendons
  • Club foot
  • Concurrent hoof problems such as hoof cracks, infections (abscesses)
  • Direct trauma


Charlie Piccione I E-Mail: equinehoofpro1@gmail.com I Phone: 908.319.7198

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